Rafaël Rozendaal - CV + Bio

Rafaël Rozendaal first rose to prominence by using the internet as a venue for the websites he created as pure art. He used random algorithms and user interaction to extend the linear limits of video. With their infinite duration, they operate like waterfalls—their constant motion becomes the total image. His websites, inherently democratic by being available to all, require that collectors host them indefinitely as a condition of purchase. He later produced static works including lenticular paintings and Jacquard weavings. Both were born out of the moving imagery of his websites. The lenticular paintings appear static when seen from a fixed viewing point. However, when the viewer moves, the images become animated, revealing new colors and dimensions—the imagery fluctuates as a result of the viewer’s movement. Rozendaal’s weavings result from his everyday use of the “abstract browsing” plugin that he created to view any website as an abstract composition. He hunts for “anti-compositions,” those he believes no one would have created on his own and later has the chosen few produced as Jacquard weavings. He chose to produce Jacquard weavings because they are considered an important development in the history of computing hardware. In contrast to the software which is fast and fluid, the weaving process is expensive and slow. Rozendaal describes making these works as a very painterly process during which he must turn off his brain to search and reflect.


Born 1980, Amsterdam
Lives and works everywhere

Solo and Two-Person Exhibitions
2019
Discrete Objects, Upstream Gallery, Amsterdam
Nervous, Postmasters, Rome
Double Pressure, Centraal Museum Utrecht
Don’t do too much, Postmasters Gallery, New York

2018
GENEROSITY, Towada Art Center, Japan
Portraits, Steve Turner, Los Angeles


2017
Anti Social, Postmasters, New York
Convenient, Takuro Someya, Tokyo
LOOP Barcelona (with Steve Turner)

2016
Complex Computational Compositions, Upstream Gallery, Amsterdam
Art Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Upstream Gallery, Amsterdam
Somewhere, TSCA, Tokyo
Abstract Browsing, Steve Turner, Los Angeles

2015
Soft Focus, MU, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Haiku, Postmasters, New York
The Armory Show, Upstream Gallery, New York
Much Better Than This, Times Square Midnight Moment, Times Square, New York
Zona Maco (with Steve Turner), curated by João Mourão and Luis Silva, Mexico City
On and On, Carl Kostyal, Stockholm


2014
Almost Nothing Hardly Anything, Steve Turner, Los Angeles
VIENNAFAIR (Steve Turner), Austria

ArtRio (with Steve Turner), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

External Memory, Upstream Gallery, Amsterdam
Looking at Something, Telfair Museum, Savannah


2013
Everything you see is in the past, Postmasters Gallery, New York

Cold Void, KK Outlet, Los Angeles

6 websites, arranged by Mark Brown, Salon 94 Bowery, New York
Seoul Art Square, South Korea


2012
In Motion, W/— Projects, New York

Everything Always Everywhere, Steve Turner, Los Angeles

Without Hesitation, in collaboration with Calvin Klein Global Creative Director Kevin Carrigan, Tokyo

Everything Dies, curated by Vlado Velkov, Kunstverein Arnsberg, Germany
 In and Out, Tetem, The Netherlands 


2011
New Information, Nordin Gallery, Stockholm 

In Motion, curated by Jiminie Ha, W/— Projects, New York

The Shift, curated by Tim Voss, W139, Amsterdam

To Walk The Night, Gloria Maria Gallery, Milan


2010
Thank You Very Much, Future Gallery, Berlin 

Perfect Vacuum, curated by Johanna Bergmark, Galeri Pictura, Sweden 

Broken Self, Spencer Brownstone Gallery, New York 

Yes For Sure, curated by Petra Heck, NIMk, Amsterdam

I’m good, TSCA, Tokyo


2009
Really Really Big, NP3, Groningen, The Netherlands


2007
Flaming Log, Carmelitas Gallery, Barcelona 

Piece by Piece, curated by Marti Peran, Galeria dels Angels, Barcelona


2005
Neen Season, Sketch, London 


2004
It Will Never be the Same, Quarantine, Amsterdam 

New Rafael, M+R Gallery, London 


2002
White Trash, Electronic Orphanage, Los Angeles

Group Exhibitions
2019
Screen It, Hasselt, Belgium
A Semblance of the Indefinite, Hessel Museum of Art, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York
Trouble in Paradise, Kunsthal, Rotterdam
Out of Office, Museum Singer Laren, The Netherlands
Post Analog Studio, The Hole, New York
Healing Light, Galerie LUMC, The Netherlands

2018
Double Vision, Steve Turner, Los Angeles
Freedom of Movement, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
Programmed, Whitney Museum, New York
From Zero to 2018, Upstream Gallery, Amsterdam
Measurements, Societe, Brussels
De Meest Eigentijdse Schilderijen, Dordrecht Museum, The Netherlands
A Lesson Loosely Learned, Galeria Cavalo, Rio de Janeiro
Portals_Thresholds, Cleveland Institute of Arts
Mapping the Invisible, Yebisu festival, TOP Museum, Tokyo
Colour & Abstraction, Textile Museum, The Netherlands

2017
Stedelijk Base, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
Choice and Chance, Eye Film Museum, Amsterdam
Art from the Hugo Brown Family Collection, Kunsthal, Rotterdam
Sleepmode: The Art of the Screensaver, Nieuwe Instituut, Rotterdam
Art Brussels (with Steve Turner)
Kenpoku Festival, Ibaraki, Japan
Hello Robot, Vitra Design Museum, Weil am Rhein, Germany
Cubicles, Foam Museum, Amsterdam
Popular Screen Sizes, JCC Singapore
Insomnia, Bonniers Konsthall, Stockholm

2016
Code Art Fair (with Steve Turner), Copenhagen
Seattle Art Fair (with Steve Turner)

Dallas Art Fair (with Steve Turner)
Digital Abstracts, House of Electronic Arts, Basel

2015
STRP Biennial, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Born Digital, Moti Museum, Breda
Space Program, Steve Turner, Los Angeles

2014
The Moving Museum, Istanbul
ARTBO (with Steve Turner), Bogotá
Liquid Crystal Display: Young Artworks with Jeremy Blake, curated by Michael Connor and Nate Hitchcock, Honor Fraser, Los Angeles
Selected Websites, Hammer Museum, Los Angeles
Looking at Something, Telfair Museum, Savannah
Illumination, G8 Gallery, Tokyo

2013
Paddles On! curated by Lindsey Howard, Philips, New York

Being in the Wired World, Kawasaki City Museum, Japan

Book Machine, curated by One Star Press, Centre Pompidou, Paris

Node Festival, Kunstverein Frankfurt
#FutureMyth, 319 Scholes, New York

Brand Innovations for Ubiquitous Authorship, Carroll/Fletcher, London

Art Brussels (with Steve Turner)

Proyecto Basurto, organized by Steve Turner, Mexico City
Notes on a New Nature: Place, Myth and Memory, curated by Nicholas O’Brien, Arti et Amicitiae, Amsterdam
DECENTER, Abrons Arts Center, curated by Andrianna Campbell and Daniel S. Palmer, New York
BYOB Mobile, Printed Matter, New York

2012
Mythology Online, Polytechnical Museum, Moscow 

Bright Lights After Armageddon, curated by Mark Brown, Pablo’s Birthday, New York
Seoul Square, curated by Lauren Cornell and the New Museum, South Korea

BYOB MOCA LA, curated by Mike D, MOCA Geffen, Los Angeles

Richteriana, Postmasters Gallery, New York

Dotcom, Centre d’Art Bastille, Grenoble

Nova, Museu da Imagem e do Som de São Paulo

DLD Conference, curated by Johannes Fricke & Hans Ulrich Obrist, Munich

2011
BYOB: Games, curated by Paul Slocum, Postmasters Gallery, New York

Extimacy, curated by Pier Giorgio De Pinto, CACT, Lugano, Switzerland

BYOB Amsterdam, W139

BYOB Tokyo, curated by Yosuke Kurita

BYOB Venezia, Venice Biennial

File Festival, Rio de Janeiro

Rhizome at the Armory, curated by Lauren Cornell, New York

BYOB Paris, curated by Nicolas Maigret

BYOB London, curated by Kernel

Rojo Nova Festival, curated by David Quiles Guilló, Rio de Janeiro

DLD Conference, curated by Johannes Fricke, Munich

2010
Speedshow/PeepShow, curated by Hitomi Hasegawa, Hong Kong

BYOB NYC, Spencer Brownstone Gallery
Bal Jaune Ricard, curated by Claire Staebler, Paris

BYOB Athens, curated by Angelo Plessas, Kunsthalle Athena

Speedshow, curated by Aram Bartholl, Amsterdam

Happy is a place, curated by Violeta Solís Horcasitas, Mexico City

Taipei Art Fair (with TSCA), Taiwan

BYOB (bring your own beamer), curated with Anne de Vries, Berlin

Binary Code View, The Agency, London

Kunsthalle Athena, curated by Marina Fokidis, Athens

Multiplex, curated by Vvork, Munich

Preferiría (si) Hacerlo, Bogotá

Texture Maps, Nest, curated by Eelco van der Lingen, The Hague, The Netherlands
Circa art fair, Preteen gallery, Puerto Rico

Better Brain: Projected Manifestations of Futurity, Future Gallery, Berlin

Don’t worry, be happy! curated by Gerben Willers, Mama, Rotterdam

2009
The Last Session, curated by Jan van Woensel, Amsterdam 

AFK sculpture park (away from keyboard), curated by aids-3D, Berlin 

Afficha Festival, curated by Roman Mazurenko, Moscow

Biennale di Venezia, curated by Miltos Manetas and Jan Aman, Padiglione Internet, Venice 
The New Easy, curated by Lars Eijssen, Art News, Berlin

Are you sure you are you? Spencer Brownstone Gallery, New York

101 art fair project room, curated by Kosuke Fujitaka, Tokyo 

Straylight Cavern, Cell Project Space, London

The Real Thing, curated by vvork, MU Art Foundation, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

2008
Love Delirium, Kunstraum Niederoesterreich, Vienna

FILE, São Paulo 

Rhizome commissions, New Museum, New York

Point of no Return, curated by Caroline Hancock, Rubicon Gallery, Dublin

The Long Cigarette, 11, Amsterdam

Webcra.sh, Pictura, curated by Jodi, Dordrecht, The Netherlands

2007
Dazed & Confused vs. Andy Warhol, curated by Jerome Sans, Baltic Mill, England
Existential Computing, Hayward Gallery, London

Much Better Than This, Horsecross, Perth

2006
Neen Evening, Amsterdam

Unlike the Rest, Liquid Room, Tokyo 

Neen Demo, curated by Angelo Plessas, Benaki Museum, Athens

RAI art fair, GMVZ, Amsterdam

Superneen, Galleria Pack, Milan

ARCO Madrid (with Galeria Dels Angels, Barcelona)

Inside Out, fondsbkvb, Amsterdam

2005
Loop of Neen, Loop Festival, Barcelona

Bienal de Valencia, curated by Franck Gautherot and Seung-duk Kim, Spain 

Sonar Festival, Barcelona

It Will Never be the Same, curated by Claude Closky, le Magasin, Grenoble, France

2004
Neen Porn, Galeria dels Angels, Barcelona

New Masters of Universe, curated by Wonil Rhee, MoCA Taipei, Taiwan 

NeenToday, MU Art Foundation, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

I am Very Very Sorry, Gallery MVZ, Amsterdam

2002
Afterneen, Casco, Utrecht, Netherlands 

Neen World, Vilette Numerique, Paris

WhitneyBiennial.com, New York

2001
Biennale.net, Deitch Projects, New York

Tirana Biennale, Albania

Bibliography
2020
Ables, Kelsey. “Art for shut-ins: An introduction to the world of Net Art,” The Washington Post, May 11

2017
Stosuy, Brandon. “Rafaël Rozendaal on streamlining your process,” The Creative Independent, April

2016
Manen, Marti. “Functionality, Forget about Functionality,”
Griffin, Jonathan. “Abstract Browsing, Steve Turner Los Angeles,” Art Review, March

Zellen, Jody. “Rafaël Rozendaal: “Abstract Browsing” at Steve Turner,” art ltd., March
Johnson, Grant. “Rafaël Rozendaal,” Artforum, January 20
“Internet Explorer,” AQNB, January 5
Jennifer, Noémie. “Abstract Browser Tapestries Reimagine Surfing the Net,” Vice, January 12

2015
Stinson, Liz. “Can You Guess the Websites Behind These Abstract Images?” Wired.com, April 2
Jordan, Marvin. “Abstract Browsing,” Dis Magazine, March
Frank, Peter. “Haiku Reviews: ART 2014 Roundup VI,” Huffington Post, January 15

2014
Mizota, Sharon. “Rafaël Rozendaal’s playful, poetic artworks come with a paradox,” LA Times, November 14
Lee, Austin. “In Conversation: Rafaël Rozendaal with Austin Lee,” San Francisco Arts Quarterly (SFAQ), May
Connor, Michael. “Liquid Crystal Palace: Jeremy Blake and his new peers,” Rhizome, February 28

Silver, Leigh. “Interview: Digital Artist Rafaël Rozendaal Explains the Magic Behind His Mesmerizing Websites,” Complex, February 6


2013
Galperina, Marina. “Artist’s Notebook: Rafaël Rozendaal,” Animal, December 9

Doms, Annette. “Rafaël Rozendaal,” Künstler – Kritisches Lexikon der Gegenwartskunst (Neu-Isenburg: Der Kunsthandel Verlag) ISSN 0934-1730

Siner, Emily. “If the Internet is Your Canvas, You Paint in Zeros and Ones,” NPR All Tech Considered, November 3

Sifferlin, Alexandra. “Digital Art Clicks on the Auction Block,” TIME, October 21

Vartanian, Hrag. “Will An Auction Help Convince People There’s a Market for New Media Art?” Hyperallergic, October 9
Maloney, Jennifer. “Auction House Phillips Enters the Digital Age,” Wall Street Journal, September
Miranda, Carolina A. “The New World of Net Art,” ARTnews, June

Van Der Poel, Daniël. “Digitale discriminatie,” Metropolism, April/May


2012
Saeed, Abdullah,“The Mission to Turn Times Square into a Massive Art Gallery,” The Creators Project, October 17


2011
Van Tienen, Jan. “Rafaël Rozendaal,” VICE, Vol. 5 No. 12

Winter, Caroline, “Smart Robots, Digital Dollars Lure Collectors as Internet Rocks Art World,” Bloomberg, June 7
Goffo, Andrea. “Rafaël Rozendaal,” Vogue Italia Blog, March 15
Gouzer, Malka. “The Web Rafaël Rozendaal Weaves,” Interview, February 7

Davies-Crook, Susanna. “BYOB,” Dazed and Confused


2010
Boutin, Christophe. “Brand New: Rafaël Rozendaal,” Flash Art, May/June 

Quaranta, Domenico. “El Arte de los Ciberdanos,” La Tempestad


2009
Brereton, Richard. “Make Popcorn Online: Art & the Internet,” Elephant, Winter
Aman, Jan, “In at the Deep End,” Dazed and Confused, September


2006
Rollin, Laurent. “Pientures sur Toile,” Ecrans, July 1


2003
Manetas, Miltos. “Neenstars Neenstar: #1 Rafaël Rozendaal,” purple, no. 15, Spring/Summer